Children and Youth in the United States, 1910-1950

This assignment is designed to give you a chance to do "life course analysis."  Before analyzing these data, using the questions in the next paragraph, I suggest you make some graphs.  On the horizontal line of each graph, put the census years (e.g. 1920, 1930).  On the vertical line put the appropriate population numbers (based on total population, children age 7-13, teenagers or school attendance by age); you will need to do some arithmetic to decide what those numbers should be.  Then, look for patterns.  It will help if you figure out when the people in your population samples were born.  For example, ask youself when those who were 7-13 years of age in 1940 were born.  What was going on in America when they were conceived?  What about those who were 14-20 years of age in 1940?  What was going in America in the mid 1920s that might explain what had happened to this age group by 1940?

Based on the information in Tables I through VI below, what can be said about children and youth in the United States between 1920 and 1950?  Did their numbers change?  When and why?  Did their lives change?  In what ways?  Why?  What part of your answer would be fact?  What part would be interpretation or argument?
 

Table I. Population Characteristics, United States of America
 
Years
Total Population
7-13 Years
14-15 Years
16-17 Years
18-20 Years
1920
105,273,049
15,265,128
3,896,254
3,815,696
5,497,707
1930
122,288,177
17,161,857
4665,350
4,649,772
6,790,714
1940
130,962,661
15,772,871
4,809,357
4,872,719
7,351,128
1950
149,877,932
16,741,890
4,252,345
4,159,195
4,321,966*

*18-19 years only

Table II. Population Characteristics: Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
Years
Total Population
7-13 Years
14-15 Years
16-17 Years
18-20 Years
1920
1823779
223785
NA
NA
NA
1930
1950961
239683
65639
66676
104868
1940
1931334
201211
62975
64762
104320
1950
2071605
196180
49980
50235
55800*

* 18-19 years only

Table III. Population Characteristics: Montgomery County, Pennsylvania
Years
Total Population
7-13 Years
14-15 Years
16-17 Years
18-20 Years
1920
199310
25998
NA
NA
 NA
1930
265804
35276
9483
9306
13767
1940
289247
32501
10375
10599
16242
1950
353068
36030
8685
8690
9840*

*18-19 years only

Table IV. School Attendance: United States of America
Years
Age 7-13 Attending
Age 14-15 Attending
Age 16-17 Attending
Age 18-20 Attending
1910
NA
NA
NA
841823
1920
13830048
2114599
1638495
810704
1930
16351729
4144215
2660806
1449343
1940
14976323
4329859
3346502
1733330
1950
16019460
3949025
3092175
1392282

Table V. School Attendance: Philadelphia County
Years
Age 7-13 Attending
Age 14-15 Attending
Age 16-17 Attending
Age 18-20 Attending
1910
NA
NA
NA
7363
1920
210282
46244
17455
7704
1930
232845
61725
29913
14893
1940
195170
60652
47232
18605
1950
185330
47045
37650
13745

Table VI. School Attendance: Montgomery County
Years Age 7-13 Attending Age14-15 Attending Age 16-17 Attending Age 18-20 Attending
1910
NA
NA
NA
954
1920
25005
4938
2426
1267
1930
34554
8503
4769
2946
1940
31772
9823
8260
4521
1950
34350
8240
7015
3705