Mintz, Ch. 4

1. How did middle-class parents raise their children in the first half of the nineteenth century? What made their approach to child rearing distinctive? Did they raise their daughters and sons the same or differently. Explain.

2. Deconstruct the picture below. What are its distinctive features? What does it say about middle-class childhood in the early nineteenth century?

Charles and Sarah Rutter by Joshua Johnson (c. 1805)

Be sure to use examples from the text to support any generalizations you make.