Richard H. Immerman

Temple University

Spring 1998

A Selective Guide to Reference and Documentary Sources

in International History

I. Online Catalogue -- Needs no explanation.

II. Electronic Research Data Bases and Other Internet Resources. Needs lots of explanation, but I can't provide it. Begin with the Temple Library homepage (URL: Then direct questions to the experts at Paley (eg., John Kennedy).

III. Guides and Bibliographies

American Historical Association. A Guide to Historical Literature, New York, 1961,

American Historical Association, Writings on American History, 1962-73, ed. by James J, Dougherty, Washington, 1976.

American Historical Association, Writing on American History, Washington, 1973/74. (Continuation of above).

Burns, Richard Dean, ed. Guide to American Foreign Relations Since 1700, Santa Barbara, 1983. (this is the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations' revision of the Samuel Flagg Bemis 1935 Guide). This revision is currently being revised.

Cassara, Ernest, History of the United States of America: A Guide to Information Sources, Detroit, 1977.

Fingerhut, Eugene, The Fingerhut Guide: Sources in American History, Santa Barbara, 1973.

Freidel, Frank, ed. Harvard Guide to American History Cambridge, 1974.

Higham, Robin, ed., Guide to the Sources of United States Military History, Hamden, Connecticut, 1975.

Poulton, Helen, The Historian's-Handbook., Norman, Oklahoma, 1972,

Sharp, Harold, Footnotes to American History, Metuchen, New Jersey, 1977.

U.S. Library of Congress, A Guide to the Study of the United States of America, Washington, D.C., 1960 (and supplements).

U.S. Library of Congress, United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress: A Bibliography, Baltimore, 1975.

IV. Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Statistical Tomes

Adams, James, ed, Dictionary of American History, New York, 1976.

Carruth, Gorton, The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates-, New York, 1979,

Facts on File, New York, 1941 -.

Johnson, Thomas, The Oxford Companion to American History, New York, 1966.

Morris, Richard, Encyclopedia of American History, New York, 1976.

Jentlson, Bruce and Thomas Paterson, eds., Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations, New York, 1997.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States,

Washington, D.C., 1975.

United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States (post-1970).

V. Biography

Dickson, John, ed, National Cyclopedia of American Biography, New York, 1930 -.

Current Biography

Dictionary of American Biography. New York, 1958 -. (supplements appear approximately every 5 years). (For future reference, in 2 or so years the DAB will be "replaced" by the American National Biography.

Who was Who in America,

Who's Who in America.

VI. Indexes and Abstracts

America: History and Life, California, 1964 -

American Historical Review, Recently Published Articles, Washington, D.C., 1976 -.

Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Philadelphia, 1977 -.

Dissertation Abstracts International. Ann Arbor, 1938 -.

Historical Abstracts. California, 1955 -.

International Index to Periodical Literature. New York, 1907 -. (Title change to The Social Science Humanities Index and in 1974 the index was divided into Humanities Index and Social Science Index).

New York Times Index, New York, 1856 -.

Public Affairs Information Service Bulletin, New York, 1915 -.

Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature New York, 1905 -.

Times, London, Index to the Times. London, 1906 -.

VII. Book Reviews

Book Review Digest, New York, 1905 -.

Book Review Index, Detroit, 1965 -.

Brewster, John and Joseph McLeod, Index to Book Reviews in Historical Periodicals, Metuchen, New Jersey, 1975.

Index to Book Reviews in the Humanities. Detroit, 1960 -.

VIII. Journals (many of which include book reviews)

American Historical Review

Diplomatic History

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Policy

International Organization

International Security

Journal of American History

Journal of Military History

Journal of Modern European History

Political Science Quarterly

World Politics

IX. Guides to Archives, Manuscript, Oral History, and Microfilm Collections

Billington, Ray Allen, Guides to American History Manuscript Collections in Libraries of the United States, New York, 1952.

Case, Lynn, ed., The New Guide to the Diplomatic Archives of Western Europe, 1975.

Directory of Historical Societies and Agencies in the United States and Canada. Nashville, 1978.

Guide to the Inventories and Finding Aids of German Archives at the German Historical Institute (available through the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC).

Grant, Steven, Scholar's Guide to Washington. D.C. for Russian/Soviet Studies, Washington, D.C., 1977.

Griffin, Grace, ed. A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to American History in British Repositories Reproduced for the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1946.

Griffin, Grace, ed, A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to American History in British Repositories Reproduced for the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1946.

Grow, Michael, Scholar's Guide to Washington, D.C. for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Washington, D.C., 1979,

Gustafson, Milton, ed., The National Archives and Foreign Relations Research, Athens, Ohio, 1974.

Hale, Richard. Guide to Photocopied Historical Materials in the United States and Canada,

New York, 1961.

Mason, Elizabeth and Louis Starr, eds, The Oral History Collection of Columbia University,

New York, 1973.

Matthews, William, American Diaries in Manuscript, 1580-1954: A Descriptive Bibliography, Athens, Georgia, 1974.

Meckler, Alan and Ruth McMullin, Oral History Collections, New York, 1975,

U.S. Library of Congress, The National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections.

Hamden, Connecticut, 1962 -.

U.S. National Archives, List of National Archives Microfilm Publications, Washington, D.C., 1974.

U.S. National Archives, Microfilm Resources for Research (published annually)

U.S. National Archives, Records in the National Archives Relating to the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, Washington, D.C., 1952.

U.S, National Historical Publications and Records Commission, Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories, Washington, D.C., 1978.

X. Collections of Published Documents

Akten zur Auswartigen Politik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Central Intelligence Agency Documents. Since the early 1990s the CIA's Center for the Study of Intelligence has published several volumes of collected documents ranging from the Cuban Missile Crisis to National Intelligence Estimates. These volumes are on file in the office of Temple's Center for the Study of Force and Diplomacy.

Cold War International History Project Bulletin (available through the CWIHP at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C.) The Bulletins are on file in the office of Temple's Center for the Study of Force and Diplomacy.

Department of State Bulletin (U.S.)

Documents diplomatiques francais

Documents on British Policy Overseas

Foreign Relations of the United States

Kessing's Archiv der Gegenwart

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States (published for each administration by the GPO)

U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, Executive Sessions of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Historical Series), (Washington, D.C., 1977- )

U.S. Congress, House, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Selected Executive Session Hearings of the Committee (Washington, D.C., 1980- ).

Hearings held before countless Senate and House Committees and Subcommittees, and on countless issues related to international history (including appropriations) are available. At one point all were distributed to State Depository Libraries (like Temple), but no longer. You should consult the reference librarian on how to use the index of hearings, and then begin to search for availability. Many can be acquired throught interlibrary loan.

Multivolume publications of the Personal Papers of many U.S. presidents are the norm; in some cases there are more than one collection. For the purposes, probably the most valuable will be:

Link, Arthur S., The Papers of Woodrow Wilson, 69 vols., Princeton, 1966-93.

Chandler, Alfred. then Louis Galambos, Papers of Dwight D. Eisenhower (Baltimore, 1970- ).

X. Microform Sources

Declassified Documents Reference System (initially published by Carrollton Press and then by Research Publications, Inc.): annual compilation on microfiche of documents released to the public.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS): a record of the summaries of foreign broadcasts monitored by the CIA.

Joint Publications Research Service (JPSR): a record of the summaries of foreign press, public speeches, etc. monitored by the CIA.

Scholarly Resources and University Publications of America: For more than a decade these two presses have been publishing microfilm collections of from the U.S. National Archives and the Presidential Libraries. These include:

Confidential U.S. State Department Files

Diaries of Dwight D. Eisenhower

John Foster Dulles Telephone Transcripts

Meetings of the National Security Council

National Security Files, 1961-1969

Papers of John Foster Dulles and Christian Herter

Records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Records of the Natonal Security Council

Several but not all of the above are available at Paley Library. Others are available at Penn and elsewhere. Consult your friendly librarian (especially John Oram at Paley).

XI. Archives and Manuscript Libraries (logistically practical)

Army War College, Carlisle, PA.

Columbia University Library: Primarily useful for the Columbia Oral History Collection.

George C. Marshall Library, Lexington, VA.

John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, MA.

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

National Archives II, College Park, MD: In most cases the most relevant material will be located in either the Diplomatic or Modern Military Branches.

National Security Archive: Located in Gelman Library, The George Washington Univesity, Washington D.C. A private archive, it holds large numbers of extremely illuminating declassified documents, many organized by topic or project. The Archive also holds archives from former Communist bloc nations collected by the Cold War International History Project.

Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ: In addition to the papers of the Kennan, Forrestal, the Dulles brothers, and many more, holds the John Foster Dulles Oral History Project.

Yale University Manuscript Library, New Haven, CT.