Richard H. Immerman

Temple University

A Far from Inclusive but Still Rather Intimidating Bibliography on

 U.S. Diplomatic History from 1918 to 1975, Give or Take a Few Years.


 Bailey, Thomas A., The Art of Diplomacy: The American Experience, NY, 1968.

 Baldwin, David, Economic Development and American Foreign Policy, 1943-1966, Chicago, 1966.

 Barnet, Richard J., Roots of War: Men and Institutions Behind U.S. Foreign Policy, NY, 1972.

 Barnet, Richard and Ronald Mueller, Global Reach: The Power of the Multinational Corporations, NY, 1974.

 Bartlett, Ruhl J., Power and Policy: Two Centuries of American Foreign Relations, NY, 1963.

 Beard, Charles and George Smith, The Idea of National Interest, NY, 1984.

 Becker, William and Samuel Wells, eds., Economics and World Power, NY, 1984.

 Bell, Cora, Negotiation from Strength: A Study in the Politics of Power, London, 1962.

 Bemis, Samuel Flagg, American Foreign Policy and the Blessings of Freedom, New Haven, 1962.

 Blechman, Barry and Stephen Kaplan, Force Without War: U.S. Armed Forces as a Political Instrument, Washington, 1978.

 Bletz, Donald, The Role of the Military Professional in U.S. Foreign Policy, NY, 1972.

 Block, Fred, The Origins of International Economic Disorder: A Study of United States International Monetary Policy from World War II to the Present, Berkeley, 1977.

 Boll, Michael, National Security Planning: Roosevelt through Reagan, Lexington, 1988.

 Brady, Linda, The Politics of Negotiation: America's Dealings with Allies, Adversaries, and Friends, Chapel Hill, 1991.

 Brodie, Bernard, War and Politics, NY, 1973.

 Bromley, Simon, American Hegemony and World Oil: The Industry, the State System and the World Economy, Cambridge, England, 1991.

 Brune, Lester, The Origins of American National Security Policy: Sea Power, Air Power, and Foreign Policy, 1900-1941, Manhattan, KA, 1981.

 Buckley, Thomas and Edwin Strong, American Foreign and National Security Policies, 1914-1945, Knoxville, 1987.

 Buhite, Russell, Lives at Risk: Hostages and Victims in American Foreign Policy, Wilmington, 1995.

 Bundy, McGeorge, Danger and Survival: Choices about the Bomb in the First Fifty Years, NY, 1988.

 Burnham, James, Containment or Liberation: An Inquiry into the Aims of United States Foreign Policy, NY, 1952.

 Calleo, David and Benjamin Rowland, America and the World Economy: Atlantic Dreams and National Realities, Bloomington, IN, 197

 Campbell, David, Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identify, Minneapolis, 1992.

 Carridi, Ronald, 20th Century American Foreign Policy: Security and Self-Interest, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1974.

 Chace, James, The Consequences of Peace: The New Internationalism and American Foreign Policy, NY, 1992.

 Cohen, Raymond, Negotiating Across Cultures: Communication Obstacles in International Diplomacy, Arlington, VA, 1991.

 Combs, Jerald, American Diplomatic History: Two Centuries of Changing Interpretations, Berkeley, 1983

 Combs, Jerald, ed., Nationalist, Realist, Radical, NY, 1972.

 Crabb, Cecil V., An American Approach to Foreign Policy: A Pragmatic Perspective, Washington, D.C., 1985.

 Crabb, Cecil V., The Doctrines of American Foreign Policy and Their Meaning, Role, and Future, Baton Rouge, 1982.

 Craig, Gordon and Alexander George, Force and Statecraft: Diplomatic Problems of Our Time, NY, 1983.

 Dallek, Robert, The American Style of Foreign Policy: Cultural Politics and Foreign Affairs, NY, 1983.

 Destler, I.M., Leslie Gelb, and Anthony Lake, Our Own Worst Enemy: The Unmaking of American Foreign Policy, NY, 1984.

Divine, Robert, Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace, College Station, 2001.

 Donnelly, Desmond, Struggle for the World: The Cold War, 1917-1965, NY, 1965.

 Dulles, Foster Rhea, America's Rise to World Power, 1898-1954, NY, 1954.

 Eckes, Alfred, Opening America's Market: U.S. Foreign Trade Policy since 1776, Chapel Hill, 1995.

 Eckes, Alfred, The United States and the Global Struggle for Minerals, Austin, 1979.

 Ekirch, Arthur, Ideas, Ideals, and American Diplomacy: A History of Their Growth and Interaction, NY, 1966.

 Elder, Robert, The Information Machine: The United States Information Agency and American Foreign Policy, Syracuse, 1968.

 Feis, Herbert, Foreign Aid and Foreign Policy, NY, 1964.

 Flournoy, Michel, ed., Nuclear Weapons After the Cold War: Guidelines for U.S. Policy, NY, 1993.

 Franklin, H. Bruce, War Stars: The Superweapon and the American Imagination, NY, 1988.

 Gabriel, Jurg Martin, The American Conception of Neutrality after 1941, NY, 1988.

 Gardner, Lloyd, A Covenant with Power: America and World Power from Wilson to Reagan, Oxford, 1984.

 George, Alexander and Richard Smoke, Deterrence in American Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice, NY, 1974.

 Gilpin, Robert, U.S. Power and Multinational Corporations: The Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment, NY, 1975.

 Glennan, Michael, Constitutional Diplomacy, Princeton, 1990.

 Graebner, Norman, America as a World Power: A Realist Appraisal from Wilson to Reagan, Wilmington, DE, 1984.

 Graebner, Norman, ed., An Uncertain Tradition: American Secretaries of State in the Twentieth Century, NY, 1961.

 Green, Fitzhugh, American Propaganda Abroad, NY, 1988.

 Halle, Louis, Dream and Reality: Aspects of American Foreign Policy, NY, 1959.

 Hammond, Paul, Organizing for Defense: The American Military Establishment in the Twentieth Century, Princeton, 1961.

 Heald, Morrell and Lawrence Kaplan, Culture and Diplomacy: The American Experience, Westport, CT, 1977.

 Henkin, Louis, Constitutionalism, Democracy, and Foreign Affairs, NY, 1990.

 Henken, Louis, Foreign Affairs and the Constitution, NY, 1972.

 Hoffman, Stanley, Gulliver's Troubles: Or, the Setting of American Foreign Policy, NY, 1968.

 Hovey, Harold, United States Military Assistance: A Study in Policies and Practices, NY, 1965.

 Hunt, Michael, Crises in U.S. Foreign Policy: An International History Reader, New Haven, 1995.

 Hunt, Michael, Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy, New Haven, 1986.

 Huntington, Samuel, The Common Defense: Strategic Programs in National Politics, NY, 1961.

 Johnson, Robert, Improbable Dangers: US Conceptions of Threat in the Cold War and After, NY, 1994.

 Jervis, Robert, The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution: Statecraft and the Prospect of Armageddon, Ithaca, 1989.

 Jordon, Amos and William Taylor, American National Security: Policy and Process, Baltimore, 1984.

 Kegley, Charles and Eugene Wittkopf, eds., The Future of American Foreign Policy, NY, 1991.

 Kennan, George, American Diplomacy, 1900-1950, Chicago, 1951.

 Kennan, George, Realities of American Foreign Policy, Princeton, 1954.

 Kennedy, Paul, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000, NY, 1987.

 Kennedy, Thomas C., Charles A. Beard and American Foreign Policy, Gainesville, FL, 1975.

 Kerry, Richard, A Star-Spangled Mirror: America's Image of Itself and the World, Savage, MD, 1990.

 Koh, Harold, The National Security Constitution: Sharing Power after the Iran-Contra Affair, New Haven, 1990.

 Kolko, Gabriel, The Roots of American Foreign Policy: An Analysis of Power and Purpose, Boston, 1969.

 Korb, John, The Management of Defense: Organization and Control of the U.S. Armed Services, Baltimore, 1964.

 Krasner, Stephen, Defending the National Interest: Raw Materials, Investments, and U.S. Foreign Policy, Princeton, 1978.

Krugler, David, The Voice of America and the Domestic Propaganda Battles, 1945-1953, Columbia, MO, 2000.

 Kunz, Diane, Butter and Guns: Ameria's Cold War Economic Diplomacy, NY, 1996.

 Kwitny, Jonathan, Endless Enemies: The Making of an Unfriendly World, NY, 1984.

 Lake, David, Entangling Relation: American Foreign Policy in Its Century, Princeton, 1999.

 Landau, Saul, The Dangerous Doctrine: National Security and U.S. Foreign Policy, Boulder, CO, 1988.

Latham, Michael, Modernization as Ideology: American Social Science and "Nation Building" in the Kennedy Era, Chapel Hill, 2000.

 Latham, Robert, The Liberal Moment: Modernity, Security, and the Making of the Postwar International Order, NY, 1998.

 Lauren, Paul, Power and Prejudice: The Politics and Diplomacy of Racial Discrimination, Boulder, 1988.

 Lebovic, James, Deadly Dilemmas: Deterrence in U.S. Nuclear Strategy, NY, 1990.

 Lefever, Ernest W., Ethics and United States Foreign Policy, NY, 1957.

 Lefever, Ernest W., Ethics and World Politics, Baltimore, 1972.

 Lens, Sidney, The Forging of the American Empire, NY, 1971.

 Lippmann, Walter, U.S. Foreign Policy: Shield of the Republic, Boston, 1943.

 Liska, George, The New Statecraft: Foreign Aid in American Foreign Policy, Chicago, 1960.

 Luttwak, Edward, Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace, Cambridge, 1987.

 MacDonald, Douglas, Adventures in Chaos: American Intervention for Reform in the Third World, Cambridge, MA, 1992.

 Magdoff, Harry, The Age of Imperialism, NY, 1969.

 Mandelbaum, Michael, The Fate of Nations: The Search for National Security in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, NY, 1989.

 Mandelbaum, Michael, The Nuclear Question: The United States and Nuclear Weapons, 1946-1976, Cambridge, MA, 1979.

 Manheim, Jarol, Strategic Public Diplomacy and American Foreign Policy: The Evolution of Influence, NY, 1994.

 Mason, Edward, Foreign Aid and Foreign Policy, NY, 1964.

 May, Ernest, "Lessons" of the Past: The Use and Misuse of History in American Foreign Policy, NY, 1973.

 McDougall, Walter, Pormised Land, Crusader State: The American Encounter with the World Since 1776, NY, 1997.

 McElroy, Robert, Morality and American Foreign Policy: The Role of Ethics in International Affairs, Princeton, 1992.

Mead, Walter Russell, Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, NY, 2001.

Merli, Frank and Theodore Wilson, eds., Makers of American Diplomacy from Benjamin Franklin to Henry Kissinger, 2 vols., NY, 1974.

 Mickelson, Sig, America's Other Voice: The Story of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, NY, 1983.

 Morris, Charles, Iron Destinies, Lost Opportunities: The Arms Race between the USA and the USSR, 1945-1987, NY, 1988.

 Morgenthau, Hans J., In Defense of the National Interest, NY, 1951.

 Morgenthau, Hans J., Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, NY, 1978.

 Moulton, Harland, From Superiority to Parity: The United States and the Strategic Arms Race, 1961-1971, Westport, CT, 1973.

 Nau, Henry, The Myth of America's Decline: Leading the World Economy into the 1990s, NY, 1990.

 Nelson, Joan, Aid, Influence, and Foreign Policy, NY, 1968.

 Neustadt, Richard, Alliance Politics, NY, 1970.

 Neustadt, Richard and Ernest May, Thinking in Time: The Uses of History for Decision Makers, NY, 1986.

 Newhouse, John, War and Peace in the Nuclear Age, NY, 1989.

 Newsome, David, Diplomacy and the American Democracy, Bloomington, IN, 1988.

 Nichols, Bruce and Gil Loescher, eds., The Moral Nation: Humanitarianism and U.S. Foreign Policy Today, South Bend, 1989.

 Nincic, Miroslav, Democracy and Foreign Policy: The Fallacy of Political Realism, NY, 1992.

 Ninkovich, Frank, The Wilsonian Century, Chicago, 1999.

 Ninkovich, Frank, The Diplomacy of Ideas: U.S. Foreign Policy and Cultural Relations, 1938-1950, Cambridge, 1981.

 Ninkovich, Frank, Modernity and Power: A History of the Domino Theory in the Twentieth Century, Chicago, 1994.

 Nolan, Janne, Guardians of the Arsenal: The Politics of Nuclear Strategy, NY, 1989.

 Nye, Joseph, Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power, NY, 1990.

 Oneal, John, Foreign Policy Making in Times of Crisis, Columbus, OH, 1982.

 Oppenheim, Felix, The Place of Morality in Foreign Policy, NY, 1991.

 Osgood, Robert, Ideals and Self-Interest in America's Foreign Relations: The Great Transformation in the Twentieth Century, Chicago, 1953.

 Packenham, Robert, Liberal America and the Third World, Princeton, 1973.

 Perlmutter, Amos, Making the World Safe for Democracy: A Century of Wilsonianism and Its Totalitarian Challengers, Chapel Hill, 1998.

 Poole, Peter, Profiles in American Foreign Policy: Stimson, Kennan, Acheson, Dulles, Rusk, Kissinger, and Vance, Lanham, MD, 1981.

 Powaski, Ronald, March to Armageddon: The United States and the Nuclear Arms Race, 1939 to the Present, NY, 1987.

 Powaski, Ronald, Toward an Entangling Alliance: American Isolationism, Internationalism, and Europe, 1901-1950, Westport, CT, 1991.

 Quester, George, Nuclear Diplomacy: The First Twenty-Five Years, NY, 1970.

Record, Jeffrey, Making War, Thinking History: Munich, Vietnam, and Presidential Uses of Force from Korea to Kosovo, Annapolis, 2001.

Richardson, Louise, When Alliances Differ: Anglo-American Relations during the Suez and Falkland Crises, NY, 1996.

 Roberts, Chalmers, The Nuclear Years: The Arms Race and Arms Control, 1945-1970, NY, 1970.

 Rosenberg, Emily, Spreading the American Dream: American Economic and Cultural Expansion, 1898-1945, NY, 1982.

 Rosenthal, Joel, Righteous Realists: Political Realism, Responsible Power, and American Culture in the Nuclear Age, Baton Rouge, 1991.

 Rubin, Barry, Secrets of State: The State Department and the Struggle Over U.S. Foreign Policy, NY, 1984.

 Russell, Greg, Hans Morgenthau and the Ethics of American Statecraft, Baton Rouge, 1990.

 Santoro, Carolo Maria, Diffidence and Ambition: The Intellectual Sources of U.S. Foreign Policy, trans. Andrew Ellis, Boulder, 1991.

 Schlesinger, Arthur, The Imperial Presidency, NY, 1974.

 Schmitz, David, Thank God They're on Our Side: The United States and Right-Wing Dictatorships, 1921-1965, Chapel Hill, 1999.

 Sherry, Michael, The Rise of American Air Power: The Creation of Armageddon, New Haven, 1987.

 Simpson, Christopher, Science of Coercion: Communication Research and Psychological Warfare, 1945-60, NY, 1994.

 Smith, Michael J., Realist Thought from Weber to Kissinger, Baton Rouge, 1990.

 Smith, Tony, America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the Twentieth Century, Princeton, 1994.

 Spykman, Nicholas, America's Strategy in World Politics: The United States and the Balance of Power, NY, 1942.

 Steigerwald, David, Wilsonian Idealism in America, Ithaca, 1994.

 Steiner, Barry, Bernard Brodie and the Foundations of American Nuclear Strategy (Lawrence, KA, 1992)

 Stephanson, Anders, Manfest Destiny: American Expansion and the Empire of Right, NY, 199.

 Strauss, W. Patrick, Isolation and Involvement: An Interpretive History of American Diplomacy, Waltham, MA, 1972.

 Szulc, Tad, Then and Now: How the World Has Changed Since WW II, NY, 1990.

 Swomley, John M., American Empire: The Political Ethics of Twentieth Century Conquest, London, 1970.

 Taft. John, American Power: The Rise and Decline of U.S. Globalism, 1918-1988, NY, 1990.

 Talbott, Strobe, The Master of the Game: Paul Nitze and the Nuclear Peace, NY, 1988,

 Tannenbaum, Frank, The American Tradition in Foreign Policy, Norman, OK, 1955.

Thomas, Ward, The Ethics of Destruction: Norms and Force in International Relations, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001

 Thompson, Kenneth, Traditions and Values in Politics and Diplomacy, Baton Rouge, 1992.

 Trachtenberg, Marc, History and Strategy, Princeton, 1991.

 Trask, David, Victory Without Peace: American Foreign Relations in the Twentieth Century, NY, 1968.

 Van Dyke, Vernon, Human Rights, the United States, and World Community, NY, 1970.

 Varg, Paul, America, from Client State to World Power: Six Major Transitions in United States Foreign Relations, Norman, OK, 1990.

 Walker, William, Poppies and Foreign Policy: Opium and the Anglo-American Search for Order in Asia, 1912-1954, Chapel Hill, 1990.

 Wenger, Andreas, Living with Peril: Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Nuclear Weapons, Lanham, MD, 1998.

 Williams, William A., The Roots of the Modern American Empire, NY, 1969.

 Williams, William A., The Tragedy of American Diplomacy, rev. ed., NY, 1972.

 Williamson, Samuel and Steven Reardon, The Origins of U.S. Nuclear Strategy, NY, 1993.

 York, Herbert, Race to Oblivion: A Participant's View of the Arms Race, NY, 1970.


 Abelson, Donald, American Think-Tanks and Their Role in US Foreign Policy, 1976-88, NY, 1996.

 Almond, Gabriel, The American People and Foreign Policy, NY, 1960.

 Aronson, James, The Press and the Cold War, Indianapolis, 1970.

 Baker, Roscoe, The American Legion and American Foreign Policy, NY, 1954.

 Barnes, William and John Morgan, The Foreign Service of the United States: Origins, Development, and Functions, Washington, 1961.

Barnet, Richard, The Rockets' Red Glare: When America Goes to War--The Presidents and the People, NY, 1990.

 Bauer, Raymond, Ithiel de Sola Pool, and I.A. Dexter, American Business and Public Policy: The Politics of Foreign Trade, NY, 1963.

Berman, Edward, The Influence of the Carnegie, Ford, and Rockefeller Foundations on American Foreign Policy: The Ideology of Philanthropy, Albany, NY, 1984.

 Berry, Nicholas, Foreign Policy and the Press: An Analysis of the New York Times' Coverage of U.S. Foreign Policy, Westport, CT, 1990.

 Blechman, Barry, The Politics of National Security: Congress and U.S. Defense Policy, NY, 1990.

Borstelmann, Thomas, The Cold War and the Color Line: Race Relations and American Foreign Policy, Cambridge, 2001.

Bose, Meena, Shaping and Signaling Presidential Policy: The National Security Decision Making of Eisenhower and Kennedy, College Station, 1998.

Botti, Timothy, Ace in the Hole: Why The United States did not Use Nuclear Weapons in the Cold War, Westport, 1996.

Brecher, Frank, Reluctant Ally: United States Foreign Policy toward the Jews from Wilson to Roosevelt, Westport, 1991.

 Briggs, Philip, Making American Foreign Policy: President-Congress Relations from the Second World War to Vietnam, Lanham, MD, 1991.

 Campbell, John, The Foreign Affairs Fudge Factory, NY, 1971.

 Chittick, William, State Department, Press, and Pressure Groups: A Role Analysis, NY, 1970.

 Christol, Helene and Serge Ricard, Hyphenated Diplomacy: European Immigration and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1914-1984, GRENA, 1985.

 Cohen, Bernard, The Press and Foreign Policy, Princeton, 1963.

 Cohen, Bernard, The Public's Impact on Foreign Policy, Boston, 1973.

 Cohen, Warren, East Asian Art and American Culture, NY, 1992.

 Crabb, Cecil & Pat Hold, Invitation to Struggle: Congress, the President, and Foreign Policy, Washington, DC, 1984.

 Crabb, Cecil & Kevin Mulcahy, Presidents and Foreign Policy: From FDR to Reagan, Baton Rouge, 1986.

 Crapol, Edward, ed., Women and American Foreign Policy: Lobbyists, Critics, and Insiders, Westport, CT, 1987.

 Dahl, Robert, Congress and Foreign Policy, NY, 1950.

Dean, Robert: Imperial Brotherhood: Gender and the Making of Cold War Foreign Policy, Amherst, 2001

 DeBenedetti, Charles, The Peace Reform Movement in American History, Bloomington, 1980.

 DeConde, Alexander, The American Secretary of State: An Interpretation, NY, 1962.

 DeConde, Alexander, Ethnicity, Race, and American Foreign Policy: A History, Boston, 1992.

 Destler, I.M., Making Foreign Economic Policy, Washington, 1980.

 Destler, I.M., Presidents, Bureaucrats, and Foreign Policy, Princeton, 1972.

 Divine, Robert, Foreign Policy and U.S. Presidential Elections, 1940-1960, 2 vols., NY, 1974.

 Ehrman, John, The Rise of Neoconservativism: Intellectuals and Foreign Affairs, 1945-1994, New Haven, 1995.

 Etzold, Thomas, The Conduct of American Relations: The Other Side of Diplomacy, NY, 1977.

 Farnsworth, David, The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Urbana, 1961.

Fitzgerald, Frances, Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan, Star Wars, and the End of the Cold War, NY, 2000.

 Fousek, John, To Lead the Free World: American Nationalism and the Cultural Roots of the Cold War, Chapel Hill, 2000.

Foyle, Douglas, Counting the Public In: Presidents, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy, NY, 1999.

 Franck, Thomas and Edward Weisband, Foreign Policy by Congress, NY, 1979.

 Frye, Alton, A Responsible Congress: The Politics of National Security, NY, 1975.

 Gallagher, Hugh, Advice and Obstruct: The Role of the United States Senate in Foreign Policy Decisions, NY, 1969.

 George, Alexander, Presidential Decisionmaking in Foreign Policy: The Effective Use of Information and Advice, Boulder, 1980.

 Gerson, Louis, The Hypenate in Recent American Politics and Diplomacy, Lawrence, KA, 1964.

 Gill, Stephen, American Hegemony and the Trilateral Commission, NY, 1990.

Glendon, Mary Anne, A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, NY, 2001

 Graber, Doris, Public Opinion, the President, and Foreign Policy, NY, 1968.

 Herken, Gregg, Counsels of War, NY, 1987.

 Herken, Gregg, Cardinal Choices: Presidential Science Advising from the Atomic Bomb to SDI, NY, 1992.

 Hero, Alfred, American Religious Groups View Foreign Policy: Trends in Rank-and-File Opinion, 1937-1969, Durham, NC, 1973.

Hess, Gary, Presidential Decisions for War: Korea, Vietnam, and the Persian Gulf, Baltimore, 2001.

 Hilderbrand, Robert, Power and the People: Executive Management of Public Opinion in Foreign Affairs, 1897-1921, Chapel Hill, 1981.

 Hill, N.L., Mr. Secretary of State, NY, 1963.

 Hilsman, Roger, The Politics of Policy Making in Defense and Foreign Affairs, NY, 1971.

 Hinckley, Barbara, Less than Meets the Eye: Foreign Policy Making and the Myth of the Assertive Congress, Chicago, 1994.

 Hinckley, Ronald, People, Polls, and Policymakers, NY, 1992.

 Hohenberg, J., Between Two Worlds: Policy, Press, and Public Opinion in Asian-American Relations, NY, 1967.

 Holsti, Ole, American Opinion and American Foreign Policy, Ann Arbor, 1997.

 Hoffman, Elizabeth Cobbs, All You Need is Love: The Peace Corps and the Spirit of the 1960s, Cambridge, MA, 1998.

 Horne, Gerald, Black & Red: W.E.B. DuBois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War, 1944-1963, Albany, 1986.

 Hughes, Barry, Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy, San Francisco, 1978.

 Hunter, Robert, Presidential Control of Foreign Policy, NY, 1984.

 Illchman, W.F., Professional Diplomacy in the United States, 1779-1939, Chicago, 1961.

 Janis, Irving, Victims of Groupthink: A Psychological Study of Foreign Policy Decisions and Fiascoes, Boston, 1972.

 Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri, Changing Differences: Women and the Shaping of American Foreign Policy, New Brunswick, 1995.

 Jervis, Robert, Perception and Misperception in International Politics, Princeton, 1976.

 Kaufman, Natalie, Human Rights Treaties and the Senate: A History of Opposition, Chapel Hill, 1990.

Kengor, Paul Kengor, Wreath Layer or Policy Player?:  The Vice President's Role in Foreign Policy, Lanham, Maryland, 2000.

 Khong, Yuen Foong, Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965, Princeton, 1992.

 Krenn, Michael, Black Diplomacy: African Americans and the State Department, 1945-1969, Armonk, NY, 1999.

 Latham, Michael, Modernization as Ideology: American Social Science and "Nation Building" in the Kennedy Years, Chapel Hill, 2000.

 Landecker, Manfred, The President and Public Opinion: Leadership in Foreign Affairs, Washington, 1968.

 Leigh, Michael, Mobilizing Consent: Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy, 1937-1947, Westport, CT, 1976.

 Levering, Ralph, The Public and American Foreign Policy, 1918-1978, NY, 1978.

 Lindsay, James, Congress and Nuclear Weapons, Baltimore, 1991.

 Linsky, Mark, Impact: How the Press Affects Federal Policy-Making, NY, 1986.

 Lippmann, Walter, The Phantom Public, NY, 1925.

 Lippmann, Walter, Public Opinion, NY, 1922.

 Mann, Thomas, ed. A Question of Balance: The President, the Congress, and Foreign Policy, Washington, D.C., 1990.

 McQuaid, Kim, Uneasy Partners: Big Business in American Politics, 1945-1990, Baltimore, 1994.

Meriwether, James, Proudly We Can Be Africans: Black Americans and Africa, 1935-1961, Chapel Hill, 2003.

Moore, John, Jr. & Jerry Pubantz, To Create a New World? American Presidents and the United Nations, NY 1999.

 Mueller, John E., War, Presidents, and Public Opinion (New York, 1973.

 Nacos, Brigitte, The Press, Presidents, and Crises, NY, 1990.

 Ostrower, Gary, The United Nations and the United States, Boston, 1999.

 Pastor, Robert, Congress and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Economic Policy, 1929-1976, Berkeley, 1980.

 Plischke, Elmer, Diplomat in Chief: The President at the Summit, NY, 1986.

 Plummer, Brenda, Rising Wind: Black Americans and U.S. Foreign Affairs, 1935-1960, Chapel Hill, 1996.

 Prados, John, Keepers of the Keys: A History of the National Security Council from Truman to Bush, NY, 1991.

 Rawnsley, Gary, Radio Diplomacy and Propaganda: The BBC and VOA in International Politics, 1956-64, NY, 1996.

 Roberts, John, Putting Foreign Policy to Work: The Role of Organized Labor in American Foreign Relations, NY, 1995.

 Rosati, Jerel, The Politics of United States Foreign Policy, NY, 1993.

 Rosenau, James, Public Opinion and Foreign Policy, NY, 1961.

 Schulzinger, Robert, The Making of the Diplomatic Mind: The Training, Outlook, and Style of United States Foreign Service Officers, 1908-1931, Middleton, CT, 1975.

 Schulzinger, Robert, The Wise Men of Foreign Affairs: The History of the Council on Foreign Relations, NY, 1984.

 Searles, P. David, The Peace Corps Experience: Challenge and Change, 1969-1976, Lexington, KY, 1998.

 Serfaty, Simon, ed., The Media and Foreign Policy, NY, 1990.

 Shepherd, George, ed., Racial Influences on American Foreign Policy, NY, 1971.

 Shoemaker, Christopher, The NSC Staff: Counseling the Council, Boulder, 1991.

 Shoup, Lawrence and William Minter, Imperial Brain Trust: The Council on Foreign Relations and United States Foreign Policy, NY, 1977.

 Sklar, Holly, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management, Boston, 1980.

 Small, Melvin, Democracy and Diplomacy: The Impact of Domestic Politics on U.S. Foreign Policy, 1789-1994, Baltimore, 1996.

 Smith, James, The Idea Brokers: Think Tanks and the Rise of the New Policy Elite, NY, 1991.

Smith, Tony, Foreign Attachments: The Power of Ethnic Groups in the Making of American Foreign Policy, Cambridge, MA, 2000.

Sobel, Richard, The Impact of Public Opinion on U.S. Foreign Policy since Vietnam: Constraining the Colossus, NY, 2001.

 Spanier, John, ed., Congress, the Presidency, and American Foreign Policy, Elmsford, NY, 1981.

 Stennis, John C. and William Fulbright, The Role of Congress in Foreign Policy, Washington, 1971.

 Steigman, Andrew, The Foreign Service of the United States: First Line of Defense, Boulder, 1985.

 Stuart, Graham, American Diplomatic and Consular Practice, 2nd ed., NY, 1952.

 Tivan, Edward, The Lobby: Jewish Political Power and American Foreign Policy, NY, 1987.

Tuunainen, Pasi, The Role of Presidential Advisory Systems in US Foreign Policy-Making: The Case of the National Secruity Council and Vietnam, 1953-1961, Helsinki, 2001.

 Von Eschen, Penny, Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957, Ithaca, 1997.

 Wala, Michael, The Council on Foreign Relations and American Foreign Policy in the Early Cold War, Oxford, 1994.

 Weil, Martin, A Pretty Good Club: The Founding Fathers of the U.S. Foreign Service, NY, 1978.

 Werking, Richard, The Master Architects: Building the United States Foreign Service, 1890-1913, Lexington, KY, 1977.

 Westerfield, H. Bradford, The Instruments of America's Foreign Policy, NY, 1963.

 Westerfield, H. Bradford, Foreign Policy and Party Politics: Pearl Harbor to Korea, New Haven, 1955.

 Weston, R.F., Racism in U.S. Imperialism: The Influence of Racial Assumptions on American Foreign Policy, 1893-1946, Columbia, SC, 1972.

 Wittkopf, Eugene, Faces of Internationalism: Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy, Durham, 1990.

 Zeiler, Thomas, Free Trade, Free World: The Advent of GATT, Chapel Hill, 1999.


 Ambrosius, Lloyd, Wilsonian Statecraft: Theory and Practice of Liberal Internationalism during World War II, Wilmington, DE, 1991.

 Ambrosius, Lloyd, Woodrow Wilson and the American Diplomatic Tradition: The Treaty Fight in Retrospective, NY, 1987.

 Bailey, Thomas A., Woodrow Wilson and the Lost Peace, NY, 1944.

 Baker, Ray, Woodrow Wilson and the World Settlement, 3 vols., Garden City, NY, 1922.

 Bartlett, Ruhl, The League to Enforce Peace, Chapel Hill, 1944.

 Bell, Sidney, Righteous Conquest: Woodrow Wilson and the Evolution of the New Diplomacy, Port Washington, NY, 1972.

 Birdsall, Paul, Versailles Twenty Years After, NY, 1941.

 Blum, John Morton, Woodrow Wilson and the Politics of Morality, Boston, 1956.

 Buehrig, Edward, Woodrow Wilson and the Balance of Power, Bloomington, IN, 1955.

 Calhoun, Frederick, Power and Principle: Armed Intervention in Wilsonian Foreign Policy, Kent, Ohio, 1986.

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