Behavior analysts at Temple University work within several programs in the College of Arts and Sciences and in the College of Education. Programs where students can acquire behavior-analytic expertise are that of Experimental Psychology, where Philip N. Hineline's laboratory is an active locus of basic research, Special Education where Saul Axelrod is the behavior-analytic mainstay, Social and Organizational Psychology where Donald A. Hantula's laboratory is currently engaged in basic and applied research in organizational behavior analysis, and Counseling Psychology where Kim Kirby does research in substance abuse.
I. The Faculty
- Philip N. Hineline
- Saul Axelrod
- Don Hantula
- Kim Kirby
II. The Graduate Programs
- Master's Program
- Ph. D. Programs
III. A Gathering Place for Behavior Analysts
Phil Hineline's current research emphasizes temporal scales of behavioral process -- focusing on tradeoffs between long-term and short-term consequences of behavior -- and examination of environmental features that have been emphasized by models of optimal foraging. These procedures have been implemented both with pigeons and with humans. Additional research with humans is focused on the characteristics of interpretive language, and the relationship between saying and doing.
Other experimental psychologists in the program whose interests are complementary to behavior analysis are Philip J. Bersh and Lynn J. Hammond (Pavlovian conditioning), Donald A. Overton (behavioral pharmacology, especially drug discrimination), and Michael Lewis (behavioral neuroscience, with an emphasis on mechanisms that underlie the reinforcing effects of alcohol). An additional experimental psychologist with compatible interests, Thomas F. Shipley, takes a functionalist approach to visual perception.
Saul Axelrod's research centers on procedures for increasing the academic achievement of inner-city children. His techniques focus on those associated with direct instruction and class-wide peer tutoring approaches. Moreover, Dr. Axelrod is involved in functional analysis research as it relates to aggression and self-injury. Other areas of expertise in Special Education -- of interest to behavior analysts -- include parent training and computer technology.
Social & Organizational Psychology
Don Hantula is the psychology department's primary person for developing a new emphasis on organizational behavior. His laboratory research applies behavior-analytic techniques and concepts to people's decision-making strategies, focusing on applying optimal foraging models to consumer behavior and to people's investment behavior, especially the phenomenon of "throwing good money after bad." His field research focuses safety in the workplace and the interface of computer technology and behavior analysis. For more information, please visit http://astro.temple.edu/~hantula.
Other interests complementary to behavior analysis, within social psychology, are represented by Ralph Rosnow who is a prominent advocate of contextualist approaches to psychology, and Robert Lana, whose book Assumptions of Social Psychology is well-recognized.
Kim Kirby received her Ph.D. in behavior analysis from the University of Kansas and completed postdoctoral training in research at Duke University with J. E. R. Staddon and at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. At Hopkins, she began specializing in behavioral pharmacology and the treatment of substance abuse disorders. Currently, Dr. Kirby conducts research developing and evaluating new behavioral treatments for addictions. In particular, her work focuses on developing contingencies in the natural environment that will discourage drug use and reinforce abstinence and other desirable behavior. She has experience applying behavioral principles to treatments for crack cocaine and heroin addiction. In addition, Dr. Kirby studies the effects of drug abuse on the family. She has developed a behavioral treatment that teaches family members to use behavioral strategies to deal with the drug abuser and to facilitate his or her treatment entry.
The Graduate Programs
A master's program in applied behavior analysis is co-directed by Drs. Axelrod, Hineline, Hantula, and Kirby. Established in 1991, this program is formally housed within the Special Education Program, but its students select from a menu of courses taught by each of the above faculty members, as well as by a few selected faculty from other institutions. Furthermore, students complete two three-month internships at applied settings in the Philadelphia area. The program is 33 credit hours in duration and consists of seven classroom courses, two 150-hour internships, and a master's project that reflects a student's research interests.
The Ph.D. programs in Experimental Psychology (Hineline) and in Social and Organizational Psychology (Hantula) are within the Department of Psychology, College of Liberal Arts. Those in Special Education (Axelrod) and Counseling Psychology (Kirby) are housed in the College of Education. Each of these programs facilitates its students' competence as behavior analysts working within the cultures of the designated fields.
A Gathering Place for Behavior Analysts
Temple University is also the meeting place for the Delaware Valley Association for Behavior Analysis, an affiliate of ABA International. This regional group meets four times per year, typically combining a presentation by one of its members with informal networking among several dozen behavior analysts who work in applied and academic settings throughout southeastern Pennsylvania, Delaware, and central New Jersey.v
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